Chinese Public Policies & Social Security(Social Policies and People’s Livilihoods in Contempoary China)

Social Policies and People’s Livilihoods in Contempoary China
Lin Ka (professor, College of Public Administration, Zhejiang University)


Lecture 1: Social Development and People’s Everyday Life in Contemporary China

A. the indicators on Chinese economic growth, social development, and people’s living standards
B. some issues of debates: income inequality, social stratification, and cross-regional migration
C. the influence of social policies on Chinese social conditions and people’s life
D. some basic conceptions on social policy and social security

Reading materials
   1. UNDP China (2005): Development With Equity (China Human Development Report 2005),

   Beijing: China Translation & Publishing Co.
   2. Joe C.B.Leung (2005): “Social Welfare in China”, in Alan Walker and Chack-kie Wong (eds):

   East Asian Welfare Regimes in

      Transition: From Confuscianism to Globalisation, Bristol: The Policy Press.
   3. Xinping Guan (2005): “China’s Social Policy: Reform and Development in the Context of

      Marketization and Globalization”,in Huck-Ju Kwon (ed): Transforming the Developmental

      Welfare State in East Asia, Basingstoke:Palgrave MacMillan, pp. 231-256
   4. Information Office of the State Council, China (2004), China’s Social Security

      and Its Policy,website:
   5. Ka Lin (2009): “China: The Art of State and Social Policy Remodeling”, in Alcock,

      Pete & Craig, Gary (eds),International Social Policy: Welfare Regimes in the Developed World,

      Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 247-266.


Lecture 2: The Historical Development of the Chinese Social Protection System

A.the period of system establishment under planning economy
B.the period of transition from “enterprise welfare” to the state-managed system
C.the implementation of a new social security system in order to facilitate the market operation
D.The directions of future development: productivism, developmentalism and redistributivism

Reading materials
 1. Dixon, John & Macarov, David (eds) (1992): Social Welfare in Socialist Countries, London and

    New York:Routledge.
 2. George, Vic & Manning, Nick (1980): Socialism, Social Welfare and the Soviet Union, London:

    Routledge and Kegan Paul.
 3. Finer, Catherine Jones ed. (2003): Social Policy Reform in China: View from Home and Abroad, 

    Aldershot: Ashgate.
 4. Ka Lin & Olli Kangas (2006), “Social Policy-Making and Its Institutional Basis: A Study on

    the Transition of the Chinese

   Social Security System”, International Social Security Review, 59(2): 61-76.
 5. Ka Lin, (2007) “Institutional Responses to the Changing Patterns of Poverty and Marginalization

    in China, 1950s-2000s”,in Zhang, Heather & Wu, Bin & Sanders, Richard eds,

    Marginalisation in China:Perspectives on Transition and Globalisation,Aldershot:

    Ashgate, pp. 119-133.


Lecture 3: Income Maintainence and Social Insurance

A.old-age pension injury

Reading materials
 1. Yang Y, Williamson JB, Shen C. (2010), “Social security for China’s rural aged: a proposal

    based on a universal non-contributory pension”, International Journal of Social Welfare, 19: 236–245.
 2. Mohamed Farid and Brian P. Cozzarin (2009) “”China's pension reform: Challenges and opportunities,

    Pensions: An International Journal, 14(3):181-190
 3. Shunfeng Song (2009): “Pension Systems and Reforms in China and Russia”, The Chinese

    Economy, 42(3):9–23.
 4. Felix Salditt, Peter Whiteford and Willem Adema (2008): “Pension reform in China”, International

    Social Security Review,61(3): 47-71.
 5. Jane Duckett and Athar Hussain (2008), “Tackling unemployment in China:state capacity and

    governance issues”,The Pacific Review, 21(2): 211–229.
 6. Ashoke S. Bhattacharjya and Puneet K. Sapra (2008), “Health Insurance In China And India:

    Segmented Roles For Public And Private Financing”, Health Affairs, 27 (4): 1005-1015.


Lecture 4: Poor Relief and Employment assistance and poor relief
B.minimal income guarantee
C.employment services
D.migrant workers and labor right

Reading materials
 1. Qin Gao, Irwin Garfinkel and Fuhua Zhai (2009) “Anti-Poverty Effectovemess of the

    Minimum Living Standard Assistance Policyin Urban China”, Review of Income and Wealth,

    55(Supplement 1):630-655
 2. Anderson, Gordon; Teng Wah Leo (2009): “Child poverty, investment in chilren generational

    mobility: the short and wellbeing of children in urban China one child policy”,

    Review of Income & Wealth, 55(Supplement 1):607-629
 3. Leung JCB (2006), “The emergence of social assistance in China”, International Journal

    of Social Welfare,15: 188–198
 4. Information Office of the State Council, China (2004), “China's Employment Situation and Policies”,; “Labor and Social Security in China (2002)”,;

    “The Development-oriented Poverty Reduction Program for Rural China (2001)”,
 5. Wong, Linda; Kinglun Ngok (2006), “Social Policy between Plan and Market: Xiagang (Off-duty Employment)

    and the Policy of the

    Re-employment Service”, Social Policy & Administration, 40 (2):158-173.
 6. Halegua, Aaron (2008),”Getting Paid: Processing the Labor Disputes of China's Migrant Workers”,

    Berkeley Journal of

    International Law, 26(1):254-322.

Lecture 5: Housing and Health Care

A.the expansion of the Chinese real estate market
B.affordable housing and the publicly-rented housing
C.The system of public health
D.Health care policies

Reading materials
 1. John R. Logan, Yiping Fang, Zhanxin Zhang (2010), “Winners in China’s Urban Housing Reform”,

    Housing Studies, 25(1): 101–117
 2. Mingming Hu, Havard Bergsdal, Ester van der Voet, Gjalt Huppes and Daniel B.Muller (2010),

   “Dynamics of urban and

    rural housing stocks In China”, Building Research & Information, 38(3):301–317
 3. Jian-Ping Ye & Zheng-Hong Wu (2008), “Urban Housing Policy in China in the Macro-regulation

    Period 2004–2007”,Urban Policy and Research, 26(3):283–295.
 4.Li, Si-Ming; Huang, Youqin (2006), Urban Housing in China: Market Transition, Housing Mobility and

   Neighbourhood Change.,Housing Studies, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p613-623,
 5. Hongwen Zhao and Xingyuan Feng (2010): “Health-Care Reform in China”, The Chinese Economy, 43(3):31-36.
 6. Chack-kie Wong, Vai Lo Lo & Kwong-leung Tang (2006): China’s Urban Health Care Reform: From State

    Protection to Individual Responsibility, Lanham: Lexington Books


Lecture 6: Local Community and NGOs work
B.non-governmental agents (NGOs)
C.voluntary work

Reading materials
 1.Jiang Ru; Ortolano, Leonard (2009), “Development of Citizen-Organized Environmental NGOs in China”,

   Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary & Nonprofit Organizations, 20 (2):141-168
 2. Shui-yuan Tang, Xueyong Zhang, (2008), “Civic Environmental NGOs, Civil Society, and Democratisation

    in China”, Journal of Development Studies, 44(3): 425–448
 3. Fang Lee Cooke (2006), “Informal employment and gender implications in China: the nature of work

    and employment relations in the community services sector”, International Journal of Human

    Resource Management, l.17(8): 1471–1487
 4. Yiu, Chun; Au, Wing Tang; Tang, Catherine So-kum (2001), “Burnout and duration of service among

    Chinese voluntary workers”,Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 4 (2):103-111.
 5. Dali Ma and William L. Parish (2006), “Tocquevillian Moments: Charitable Contributions by Chinese

    Private Entrepreneurs”,Social Forces, 85(2): 943-964.


Lecture 7: Social Care and Welfare Service

A.elderly services
B.women and children
C.the disabled
D.corrective social work

Reading materials:
 1. Kee-Lee Choua and Iris Chib (2008), “Reciprocal relationship between fear of falling and

    depression in elderly Chinese primary care patients”, Aging & Mental Health, 12(5):587–594
 2. Huali Wang & Qian Xiong & Sue E. Levkoff & Xin Yu(2010) ,” Social Support, Health Service Use

    and Mental Health Among Caregivers of the Elderly in Rural China”, Ageing Internationa,l 35:72–84
 3. Junfang Wang; Yinyin Wu; Biao Zhou; Shuangshuang Zhang; Weijun Zheng; Kun Chen. (2009), “Factors

    associated with non-use of inpatient hospital care service by elderly people in China”,

    Health & Social Care in the Community, 17 (5):476-484
 4. Ka Lin & Rantalaiho Minna (2003), “Family Policy and Social Order - Comparing the Dynamics of

    Family Policy-Making in

    Scandinavia and Confucian Asia”, International Journal of Social Welfare, 12(1): 2-13.
 5. Sigal Alon, Debra Donahoe, Marta Tienda (2001), “The Effects of Early Work Experience on

    Young Women’s Labor Force Attachment”,Social Forces, 79(3):1005-1034
 6. Susan E. Short, Zhai Fengying, Xu Sryuan, Yang Mingliang (2001), “China’s One-Child Policy

    and the Care of Children: An Analysis of   Qualitative and Quantitative Data”, Social Forces, 79(3):913-943
 7. Helen Warner (2007) “Child care in China: lessons for the west?”, Paediatric Nursing, 19 (7):44-47.


Lecture 8: Field Visiting (this visiting can be also made in the middle of the term)

A.Course requirements:

B.This course will provide knowledge in the fields of sociology, social policy, economics, policy

   analysis and development studies.It focuses on social policy issues in contemporary China, with a wide

   reference to various aspects of social life and people’s living   conditions. The course sets its orientation

   at social sciences and humanities, but it also opens to the students of natural sciences

   and technologies. The course consists of a series of lectures with some discussions and fieldwork involved.

   The final exam is to write a term paper in a moderate length.





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